Although the Bible is not a history book, we can learn a lot about the Creation of the world, the first people, the Flood and the Tower of Babel in the first 11 chapters of Genesis/Bereshit.
We also meet the first Ivrit ("Hebrew"= to be separate) Abraham (then Abram), whom G_d chose to become His nation.
Throughout the ages, from before the Common Era even, they were attacked, exiled, blamed, killed...by peoples that wanted that little slip of a country called Israel.
And why? Do they have great oil reserves? Huge gold-deposits? Vast tracts of arable land? NO... It is because "the eyes of Hashem are always on that land, from the beginning of the year to the year's end." (Deuteronomy 11:12)
In the most recent history no one can forget the atrocities perpetrated against the Jewish people, but this was not the only, the first or the last of it!
Throughout history the Jews have been blamed for all kinds of wrongdoings and became a scapegoat of many nations! All this just because the Creator of the Universe chose them to become His people!
In the Common Era, there has always been a small Jewish minority in the land of Israel, even during exiles, from the time of the Exodus from Egypt about 3300 years ago.
The first appearance of the name "Israel" in the secular (non-Biblical) historical record is the Egyptian Merneptah Stele, about 1200 BCE.
Since the Second World War, the Jewish people had no other refuge (most of the nations closed their doors to them) and started to return to Israel, especially after the British Mandate ended.
On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel after the Arab-Israeli War.
Kol ode balevav
Nefesh Yehudi homiyah
Ulfa'atey mizrach kadimah
Ayin l'tzion tzofiyah.
Ode lo avdah tikvatenu
Hatikvah bat shnot alpayim:
L'hiyot am chofshi b'artzenu -
Eretz Tzion v'Yerushalayim.
As long as the Jewish spirit is yearning deep in the heart,
With eyes turned toward the East, looking toward Zion,
Then our hope - the two-thousand-year-old hope - will not be lost:
To be a free people in our land,
The land of Zion and Jerusalem.