Yom Kippur / Day of Atonement
"But on the 10th day of this 7th month it is the Day of Atonement; there shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall afflict yourselves; you shall offer a fire offering to Hashem. You shall not do any work on this very day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to provide you atonement before Hashem your God. For any soul who will not be afflicted on this very day will be cut off from its people."
(Read the whole portion: Vayikra/Leviticus 23: 26-32)
Teshuva / Coming Clean
Teshuva means "return".
In the 10 days from Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur (the Days of Awe) we spend some time each day to think about our mistakes and harmful habits.
To return to Hashem we need to put in some effort from our side.
On Yom Kippur:
On this day in history, Moses came down the mountain of Sinai after receiving the second set of tablets from Hashem.
God then forgave the Children of Israel for the sin of the Golden Calf.
On this day we seek forgiveness from anyone we may have harmed in the past year.
On this day, it is believed, that the
Books of Life and Death
are sealed for the year.
The fast from all food & drink starts from sunset on the 10th day of Tishrei until after sunset the following evening. (25 hours) but we have a festive meal during the afternoon before the fast starts.
We also do not:
Yom Kippur Prayers
The prayers for Yom Kippur is in the Machzor (High Holiday Prayer Book) but can also be found in your Siddur.
As this is probably the most important of all Jewish Feasts, the liturgy is much more extensive.
Yom Kippur service starts with the chanting of Kol Nidrei (All Vows) wherein all vows are released.
The Yom Kippur service is often referred to as "Kol Nidrei".